Heating the house: what to choose?
The heating system market offers a wide range of equipment to heat your home. The most popular heating systems are solid fuels, gas, oil, electricity and alternative energy solutions. The choice of home heating system translates into later operating costs and comfort, and should be made at the time of investment planning. What type of home heating system should be chosen to be cost-effective and the least restrictive?
Solid fuel heating
The choice of solid fuels, i.e. coal, eco-coal, wood or briquette, offers the greatest savings on current home heating costs. This popular solution does not require expensive investments, but unfortunately it is quite heavy in operation and is related to the constant control of combustion and the need to reserve a space for the fuel. Solid fuels also generate a lot of pollution and harmful fumes. As a result, regulations are being introduced to set limits on dust emissions, as well as on gaseous organic pollutants.
The smog policy aims to significantly reduce the amount of harmful substances emitted into the atmosphere and, consequently, to phase out the use of boilers that do not meet the requirements for clean smoke. Already today, in some cities, for example in Krakow, as part of the fight against the growing problem of smog, the burning of coal and wood is completely prohibited.
See also: Heating in an energy-efficient house
Gas heating is an environmentally friendly solution that offers a high level of comfort and relatively low costs. Gas cookers are not demanding in terms of operation. Compared to solid fuel boilers, they are clean and do not take up much space. It is one of the most popular heating systems today, similar in many ways to electric heating.
However, if you decide to heat a single-family home with gas, you have to reckon with fairly high investment costs and the need to complete a number of formalities before installation. It is also not possible to install a gas boiler everywhere. The location of the heating appliance is determined by the relevant regulations.
Oil heating became popular in the 1990s due to the relatively low price of raw materials. Today, however, oil heating involves significant costs for the construction of the system and the purchase of fuel. In terms of convenience, the use of an oil heating system is comparable to that of gas or electricity, as the stoves operate virtually unattended. A great advantage of oil heating is that it can also be installed in places where there is no gas network.
Electric home heating is considered to be one of the most reliable and comfortable, yet simple to use. It also does not require special premises. Unfortunately, the choice of this type of heating is associated with high costs of operation and purchase of necessary installation elements. Electric heating is an environmentally friendly and safe solution, which is suitable for small, well-insulated and insulated houses.
Alternative heating sources
Using green energy to heat a building is a trend that has many advantages. Alternative energy sources convert the natural energy of the sun or wind into heat and are much more environmentally friendly than traditional home heating systems. They can reduce current heating bills to almost zero. Heat pumps, solar collectors and biomass cookers are becoming increasingly popular.
When you choose to heat your home with photovoltaic panels and heat pumps, you have to take into account the high installation costs. However, thanks to EU subsidies, it is possible to obtain co-financing for this type of investment. Ecological home heating is a solution that is very strongly promoted and considered as a modern heating solution.
The decision on how to heat a home should not be dictated by price alone. Today's cheapest solutions may soon have to be upgraded as part of updated legislation to reduce harmful emissions. The wide variety of central heating systems means that you can tailor the way you heat your building to suit your financial possibilities and operating preferences, while also taking into account your concern for the environment.
See also: Photovoltaic home heating - step by step installation